Cannabinoids in other plants

Cannabinoids are known in a handful of plant species besides cannabis. These include Echinacea purpurea, Echinacea angustifolia, Acmella oleracea, Helichrysum umbraculigerum, and Radula marginata. The Echinacea species has the best-known cannabinoids that are not derived from Cannabis. They are lipophilic alkamides(alkylamides) and least 25 different alkylamides have been identified. Black truffles contain anandamide and Perrottetinene, is a moderately psychoactive cannabinoid,  and has been isolated from different Radula varieties.


Echinacea purpurea


Echinacea angustifolia

Acmella oleracea

Helichrysum umbraculigerum

Radula marginata

Black truffles